ADHD in its full form is known as Attention Deficit Hyperkinetic Disorder. It is a neurodevelopmental disorder and has traditionally been thought to occur only in children. However, more and more evidence suggests that 50-65% of the symptoms persist to Adulthood.
DSM 5 is a classificatory system which defines the criteria for diagnosis of various mental disorders.
This along with ICD 10 are the main classificatory systems. Let us see the criteria for diagnosis of ADHD in DSM 5.
The main classification includes an inattentive type, hyperkinetic-impulsive type or a combined type.
Inattentive symptoms are commonly
- Not giving close attention to details or making careless mistakes in schoolwork or at work.
- Having trouble holding attention on tasks or play activities.
- Often does not seem to listen.
- Not following through on instructions and failure to finish duties in the workplace (e.g., loses focus, side-tracked).
- Having trouble organizing tasks and activities.
- Reluctant to do tasks that require mental effort over a long period of time (such as schoolwork or homework).
- Losing things necessary for tasks and activities (e.g. school materials, pencils, books, tools, wallets, keys, paperwork, eyeglasses, mobile telephones).
- Forgetful in daily activities.
Hyperactivity symptoms are commonly
- Fidgeting and squirming.
- Getting up when expected to be seated.
- Running or climbing in situations where it is not appropriate .
- Unable to play or take part in leisure activities quietly.
- Often “on the go” acting as if “driven by a motor”.
- Talking excessively.
- Blurting out answers before a question has been completed.
- Not able to wait their turn.
- Interrupting or intruding on others
Chennai minds, best psychiatrist in Chennai offers assessment and treatment of Adult ADHD . It is a widely underrecognized and under treated condition.
It is more recognized in the western world where more information and research into Adult ADHD is available